Kanji Inscriptions for Bokken, Jo & Other Traditional Japanese Wooden Swords & Staffs

Kanji Inscriptions

Kanji are ideographs and pictographs used in written Japanese. On Kingfisher Swords, Staffs, Hiking Sticks and katana kake (sword stands), inscriptions are oriented vertically and read top to bottom. The characters are burned into the wood by hand with a calligraphy stylus. The bokken, shown above with and without tsuba, is inscribed with the word "randori", which is made up two kanji. The first, ran, means chaos. The second, dori, means to seize or capture. Randori refers to the martial practice of freeform attack and defense practice. On the Jo staff to the right, is the kanji "masagatsu agatsu"which means - true victory is self victory. The Kingfisher kanji archive is an unusual window into esoteric kanji and uncommon phrases that could be inscribed into your wooden weapon or hiking stick. They are compiled from arcane classical sources that relate to the Japanese martial arts, natural phenomena and Zen thought.

Kanji Concepts

  1. Training Concepts
  2. Philosophical Concepts
  3. Martial Concepts
  4. Natural Imagery
  5. Spiritual Concepts

Kanji Inscription Pricing

  • Single character insriptions: $14
  • 2 character inscriptions: $20
  • 3 character inscriptions $26
  • 4 and 5 character inscriptions: $32

NOTE: Do not mix kanji to create your own saying unless you are fluent in Chinese or Japanese. Often compounds will have a completely different meaning than the individual characters.


Training Concepts

Inscription number

Character

Pronunciation

Meaning

tr1.1 an relaxed, peaceful
tr1.2 bin agility, alertness
tr1.3 chikara strength
tr1.4 chin peaceful, calm
tr1.5 do motion, change, movement
tr1.6 ei sharpness, edge
tr1.7 en graceful
tr1.8 fun invigorate
tr1.9 ga elegant, graceful
tr1.10 gaku learn
tr1.11 gen beneficial effect of austerities
tr1.12 gi skill, deed
tr1.13 go great, overpowering
tr1.14 go strength, strong person
tr1.15 go hard, strong, rigid
tr1.16 i medicine, doctor
tr1.17 i be, be present: remain (sitting)
tr1.18 i change, move, shift
tr1.19 isao merits, success
tr1.20 ju gentle; soft, supple
tr1.21 juku ripen, mature
tr1.22 kabai protect, shield
tr1.23 kagami mirror, pattern, example
tr1.24 kaku learn; feel; know; expect
tr1.25 kaku write
tr1.26 kan intuition, sixth sense
tr1.27 kan feeling, sensation, intuition
tr1.28 kan see ( with your mind's eye )
tr1.29 kangai thought, idea, intention
tr1.30 katami ni mutually, together
tr1.31 katsu win, victory
tr1.32 kawari change, alternate
tr1.33 kawashi evade, dodge, turn aside
tr1.34 ke change; influence
tr1.35 kei respect, honor
tr1.36 ken health, vigor, strength
tr1.37 ken see ( with the naked eye )
tr1.38 ki skill, deed
tr1.39 ki abandon, sacrifice
tr1.41 ki strong
tr1.42 ki horse riding
tr1.43 kime decide, mental focus
tr1.44 kitae train, practice; temper
tr1.45 ko arc; bow
tr1.46 ko skill
tr1.47 koto Japanese harp
tr1.48 kyo be distant
tr1.49 kyo chivalry
tr1.50 kyo respect, venerate
tr1.51 kyu save, rescue
tr1.52 mai dance
tr1.53 maki scroll, book; winding
tr1.54 manabi learning, studying
tr1.55 masu increase; promote (health)
tr1.56 migaki polish; cultivate (character)
tr1.57 moku keeping silent
tr1.58 nade stroke, smooth down
tr1.59 nagara follow
tr1.60 nagare flowing
tr1.61 nage throw, hurl, project; abandon
tr1.62 nin blade
tr1.63 no farmer
tr1.64 odori dance
tr1.65 odori leap, skip; dance
tr1.66 ogi folding fan
tr1.67 ori weave, fabric
tr1.68 oroshi fall, drop
tr1.69 ritsu rhythm
tr1.70 ro oar
tr1.71 sa investigate
tr1.72 sai planting
tr1.73 se energy

Inscription number
(copy this number into your order)

Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

tr2.1 agatsu victory over oneself
tr2.2 aima interval
tr2.3 antei stability, balance, composure
tr2.4 aragyo harsh practice of austerities
tr2.5 chiyu heal, recover
tr2.6 chushin center, balance
tr2.7 chuyu loyalty and bravery
tr2.8 daikiri great strength
tr2.9 doji same time, simultaneous
tr2.10 doryoku power
tr2.11 dosa movement
tr2.12 dosha guide
tr2.14 doteki dynamic
tr2.15 dozei movement - stillnes
tr2.16 eiki energetic spirit
tr2.17 eiki courage, high spirits
tr2.18 fudo floating motion
tr2.19 furiko pendulum
tr2.20 gaman patience, self control
tr2.21 genki healthy spirit, vigor
tr2.22 genshin intution (original mind)
tr2.23 girei courtesy, etiquette
tr2.24 heiko balance, equilibrium
tr2.25 heizen composed, calm, unruffled
tr2.26 heno adaptation to change
tr2.27 hiden secret teachings
tr2.28 higo secret words
tr2.29 hiho secret method
tr2.30 hijustu secret techniques
tr2.31 hiketsu key to secret mysteries
tr2.32 honno instinct (true ability)
tr2.33 honsho true character
tr2.34 honshin right mind (original mind)
tr2.35 honshoku true character (true color)
tr2.36 ido movement
tr2.37 ijutsu healing arts
tr2.38 iki morale, spirit
tr2.39 ikki one stroke, instantly
tr2.40 iryoku will power
tr2.41 isha doctor
tr2.42 ishi will, mind
tr2.43 ishi doctor of medicine
tr2.44 isshin advance (one move forward)
tr2.45 jinei a person's shadow
tr2.46 jinriki human powered
tr2.47 jintoku personal virtue
tr2.48 jizai free moving
tr2.49 jodo normal way, universal practice
tr2.50 jodo the martial way of the staff
tr2.51 junjo self sacrificing devotion
tr2.52 ju no kata forms of gentleness
tr2.53 jushin balance, center of gravity
tr2.54 juzen perfection
tr2.55 kagami migaki clearing the mind
tr2.56 kage ryu kage school (of sword)
tr2.57 kakugo resolution
tr2.58 kansatsu observe (see and understand)
tr2.59 kasen flaming arrow
tr2.60 katamichi one way
tr2.61 katsudo activity (living motion)
tr2.62 katsujin giving life, living person
tr2.63 katsuryoku vitality
tr2.64 keiko training (ponder old teachings)
tr2.65 kengaku learn by watching
tr2.66 kenken respectful attitude
tr2.67 kenko health
tr2.69 kenshin dedication, self sacrifice
tr2.71 kesshin resolution
tr2.72 kigamae anticipation, readiness of mind
tr2.73 kihaku powerful mental focus
tr2.74 kimodama courage
tr2.75 kincho sword oath
tr2.76 ki ni noru take advantage of an opening
tr2.77 ki o michibiki leading the opponent's mind
tr2.78 ki o totonoeru preparation of one's mind to deal with any situation
tr2.79 kiri age rising cut
tr2.80 kisei enthusiasm
tr2.81 kishoku mood; facial expression
tr2.82 kisoku breathing
tr2.83 kiyo ingenuity; shrewdness
tr2.84 kizen resolute
tr2.85 kobo

attack-defense

tr2.86 koga classical elegance
tr2.87 koi practices, conduct, deeds
tr2.88 kokun excellent teaching
tr2.89 kokutai black belt
tr2.90 ku no ki spirit essence of space
tr2.91 kyoei co-prosperity
tr2.92 kyojitsu preparedness vs. unpreparedness; emptyness vs fullness
tr2.93 mageyasui pliant, supple, flexible
tr2.94 meiso meditation
tr2.95 mokuso silent meditation
tr2.96 mokuteki aim, purpose
tr2.97 mubyo well, healthy (without disease)
tr2.98 musubi universal harmony (of aikido)
tr2.99 nagashi giri flowing cut
tr2.100 naiten moving toward
tr2.101 naka uke block from inside to outside
tr2.102 namakurakatana blunt sword
tr2.103 nanadan seventh degree black belt
tr2.104 nangi difficulty
tr2.105 nenriki will power
tr2.106 nesshin enthusiasm, zeal
tr2.107 nidan second degree black belt
tr2.108 ninpo ninja techniques (stealth arts)
tr2.109 nukitsuke sword draw
tr2.110 nuki tsureru mutual sword drawing
tr2.111 onko looking into history
tr2.112 rakkan signature of a writer or artist
tr2.113 randori free exercise (seize at random)
tr2.114 reishiki established form, custom
tr2.115 renshu training practice
tr2.116 rentai body tempering
tr2.117 rinshin transformation of the body
tr2.118 ritsudo rhythmic movement
tr2.119 rokudan sixth degree black belt
tr2.120 ryokucha japanese green tea
tr2.121 ryuhen changing dragon (stance)
tr2.122 sayu left and right
tr2.123 seikin diligence

Inscription number
(copy this number into your order)

Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

tr3.1 chiyuryoku healing power
tr3.2 dai rokkan sixth sense
tr3.3 dai sensei great teacher
tr3.4 dai shihan grand master
tr3.5 dochu no sei stillness within movement
tr3.6 dojo cho school head
tr3.7 embusen line of movement
tr3.8 fudodachi immovable stance
tr3.9 fudotai immovable body
tr3.10 fudoshin mental imperturbability (immovable mind)
tr3.11 fujimi insensitve to pain
tr3.12 ikiji self respect
tr3.13 in ibuki soft internal breathing
tr3.14 isogai ryu isogai school
tr3.15 ishiryoku willpower
tr3.16 henka waza variation of technique
tr3.17 hiniku no tan resolve to act in frustrating times
tr3.18 hitotsu no tachi sword of one
tr3.19 itto ryu itto school (of sword)
tr3.20 jisonshin self respect
tr3.21 junanshin supple mind
tr3.22 junnosei adaptability
tr3.23 kansatsuryoku power of observation
tr3.24 kan ippatsu hair's breadth
tr3.25 karuwazashi acrobat, tumbler
tr3.26 katana kaji swordsmith
tr3.27 katchushi armorer
tr3.28 kenkoho methods of health and fitness
tr3.29 kenkotai healthy body
tr3.30 ketsudanryoku power of determination
tr3.31 kioutatsu muster up spirit
tr3.32 kirei goto simplicity; fine skill
tr3.33 kissaki waza tip (of sword) techniques
tr3.34 kodansha black belt ranks of fifth degree or above (high ranked person)
tr3.35 kyujisaku cure
tr3.36 monkasei disciple
tr3.37 Muso Ryu Muso School (of sword)
tr3.38 nagawakizashi long sword
tr3.39 Nito Ryu Nito School (of sword founded by Miyamoto Musashi)
tr3.40 nobenka actor
tr3.41 nobunka skilled writer
tr3.42 nokosho farmers-artisans-merchants
tr3.43 nyugakusei new student
tr3.44 nyumonsha beginner
tr3.45 nyunanshin ready to learn (supple mind)
tr3.46 odachi long sword
tr3.47 reiseishin unshakable posture
tr3.48 renshujo training institute

Inscription number
(copy this number into your order)

Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

tr3.1 chiyuryoku healing power
tr3.2 dai rokkan sixth sense
tr3.3 dai sensei great teacher
tr3.4 dai shihan grand master
tr3.5 dochu no sei stillness within movement
tr3.6 dojo cho school head
tr3.7 embusen line of movement
tr3.8 fudodachi immovable stance
tr3.9 fudotai immovable body
tr3.10 fudoshin mental imperturbability (immovable mind)
tr3.11 fujimi insensitve to pain
tr3.12 ikiji self respect
tr3.13 in ibuki soft internal breathing
tr3.14 isogai ryu isogai school
tr3.15 ishiryoku willpower
tr3.16 henka waza variation of technique
tr3.17 hiniku no tan resolve to act in frustrating times
tr3.18 hitotsu no tachi sword of one
tr3.19 itto ryu itto school (of sword)
tr3.20 jisonshin self respect
tr3.21 junanshin supple mind
tr3.22 junnosei adaptability
tr3.23 kansatsuryoku power of observation
tr3.24 kan ippatsu hair's breadth
tr3.25 karuwazashi acrobat, tumbler
tr3.26 katana kaji swordsmith
tr3.27 katchushi armorer
tr3.28 kenkoho methods of health and fitness
tr3.29 kenkotai healthy body
tr3.30 ketsudanryoku power of determination
tr3.31 kioutatsu muster up spirit
tr3.32 kirei goto simplicity; fine skill
tr3.33 kissaki waza tip (of sword) techniques
tr3.34 kodansha black belt ranks of fifth degree or above (high ranked person)
tr3.35 kyujisaku cure
tr3.36 monkasei disciple
tr3.37 Muso Ryu Muso School (of sword)
tr3.38 nagawakizashi long sword
tr3.39 Nito Ryu Nito School (of sword founded by Miyamoto Musashi)
tr3.40 nobenka actor
tr3.41 nobunka skilled writer
tr3.42 nokosho farmers-artisans-merchants
tr3.43 nyugakusei new student
tr3.44 nyumonsha beginner
tr3.45 nyunanshin ready to learn (supple mind)
tr3.46 odachi long sword
tr3.47 reiseishin unshakable posture
tr3.48 renshujo training institute

Inscription number
(copy this number into your order)

Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

tr4.1 aiki taiso aiki mind body excercises
tr4.2 enten katsu datsu adaptability
tr4.3 gashin shotan perserverance and determination
tr4.4 hibi shoshin day to day a beginner's mind
tr4.5 hitori butai unrivaled
tr4.6 hozoin ryu hozoin school (of swords)
tr4.7 iki kenko high spirits; high morale
tr4.8 iki togo mutual understanding
tr4.9 ishin denshin telepathy; direct, non verbal
tr4.10 isshin ittai advance and retreat
tr4.11 isshi soden a trade secret passed down from father to son
tr4.12 isshokenmei with all one's might
tr4.13 jiri rita harmony of profiting self and others
tr4.14 jiryoku kosei attaining success by overcoming difficulty
tr4.15 jita kyoei mutual benefit and welfare
tr4.16 jumpu bizoku good morals and manners
tr4.17 jun nihon fu classical japanese style
tr4.18 keiko shokon think deeply on the old ways to understand the new
tr4.19 kin yoku shugi asceticism
tr4.20 mukeiso no keiso form of no form
tr4.21 naka hachiji tachi inner figure eight stance
tr4.22 Nanbashoshin Ryu Nanbashoshin School (of jutsu)
tr4.23 o goho ate major blows to the five directions
tr4.24 onko chishin learning from the past
tr4.25 saika no itten the "one point" center of the body below the stomach (one point below stomach)
tr4.26 saya no uchi batto gohon five basic methods of drawing and cutting
tr4.27 seishin shugyo austere mental training

Philosophical Concepts

Inscription number
(copy this number into your order)

Character

Pronunciation

Meaning

ph1.1 ai harmony, join, meet
ph1.2 an idea
ph1.3 ban ten thousand; all, everything
ph1.4 bu without
ph1.5 chi wisdom
ph1.6 chi peace, cure, heal
ph1.8 cho listen
ph1.9 cho beginning, inception, end
ph1.10 choku direct, straight
ph1.11 chu heart, mind
ph1.12 chu relationship
ph1.13 ei prosperity
ph1.14 en charm, polish
ph1.15 fuku wealth, blessings
ph1.16 gen vision, dream, illusion
ph1.17 gen origin, source
ph1.18 gen present, reality
ph1.19 hana beginning, end
ph1.20 hanashi let go, release, detach
ph1.21 hin beautiful; elegant; refined
ph1.22 hitsu quiet, peaceful
ph1.23 ho friend
ph1.24 hotsu give rise to
ph1.25 ima now, the present
ph1.26 in rhyme, elegance
ph1.27 ji love
ph1.28 ji peace; cure, heal
ph1.29 jiki honesty; straight, direct
ph1.30 jin benevolence, love
ph1.31 jitsu reality, truth; substance
ph1.32 jo heart, feeling
ph1.33 jo clean, purify, excorcise
ph1.34 jo quiet, inactivity
ph1.35 ju Confucianism
ph1.36 jun pure
ph1.37 kado gate, door
ph1.38 kagi key
ph1.39 kai heart, feeling
ph1.40 kai all, everything
ph1.41 kan completion, end
ph1.42 kan feeling, sensation; intuition
ph1.43 kan see (with your mind's eye)
ph1.44 kara emptiness, void
ph1.45 karada body; substance; reality
ph1.46 katsu resuscitation, living
ph1.47 kei grace; kindness, charity
ph1.48 kei wise
ph1.49 kei respect, honor
ph1.50 kei path
ph1.51 ken wisdom
ph1.52 ketsu decide, judge
ph1.53 ketsu tie; unite with; join
ph1.54 ki basic, foundational
ph1.55 ki spirit; life force
ph1.56 ki opportunity; occasion, time
ph1.57 ki time; anticipate
ph1.58 ki rise, get up, awake
ph1.59 kieru disappear
ph1.60 kitasu cause, bring about
ph1.61 kiwa edge, verge
ph1.62 ko individual
ph1.63 ko oneself
ph1.64 ko reason, cause; the late; ancient
ph1.65 ko coming and going; join
ph1.66 ko open, unbiased
ph1.67 ko merit; success
ph1.68 ko peace
ph1.69 ko equilibrium
ph1.70 ko rise
ph1.71 ko journey
ph1.72 kon now, the present
ph1.73 kon all
ph1.74 koshi cross; pass; exceed; move
ph1.75 ku emptyness, void, nothingness
ph1.76 ma just, right, true
ph1.77 man wide, beautiful
ph1.78 mana love
ph1.79 matsu end
ph1.80 mei life; destiny, fate
ph1.81 mi look at, see; regard as
ph1.82 mon gate
ph1.83 moto beginning, origin
ph1.84 mu dream; vision
ph1.85 musubi unite with, tie, bond
ph1.86 myo strange, wonderful; exquisite, excellent; mystery; marvelous
ph1.87 nagi calm
ph1.88 nai inside
ph1.89 nami normal, ordinary
ph1.90 naoru straight; be restored
ph1.91 naru become
ph1.92 nashi none
ph1.93 nemuri sleep, die
ph1.94 netsu heat; fever; passion
ph1.95 nin duty
ph1.96 nin man, person
ph1.97 nyu softness; gentleness
ph1.98 o small, little
ph1.99 o center, middle
ph1.100 o large, major
ph1.101 o apply; respond to, accept
ph1.102 o let go, travel
ph1.103 o king
ph1.104 o emperor
ph1.105 ori go down, descend
ph1.106 ran chaos, confusion, disorder
ph1.107 rei beautiful, fine, serene
ph1.108 rei be diligent
ph1.109 rei calm, cool
ph1.110 ren chain, connection
ph1.111 ri reason, truth
ph1.112 ri separate
ph1.113 ro road
ph1.114 ryo good
ph1.115 ryo healing
ph1.116 sa fork (of a road)
ph1.117 sabaki judgement, decision
ph1.118 sabi elegant simplicity
ph1.119 sabiru mellow, mature
ph1.120 saku book, letter, volume
ph1.121 satoru wake up
ph1.122 satsu understand
ph1.123 sei become
ph1.124 sei clean, clear, pure; noble
ph1.125 sei generation; lifetime
ph1.126 sei voice
ph1.127 seki one of a pair
ph1.128 shin faith, trust
ph1.129 shin new, modern
ph1.130 shin truth, reality

Inscription number
(copy this number into your order)

Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

ph2.1 antei stability, balance, composure
ph2.2 arikata ideal way or purpose
ph2.3 bansei all ages (10,000 generations)
ph2.4 bantan all, everything
ph2.5 banzai hurrah, long life
ph2.6 banzen perfect
ph2.7 botsuga selflessness (death of ego)
ph2.8 chiryoku intelligence
ph2.9 chishin new knowledge
ph2.10 chokaku intuition
ph2.11 chugi loyalty
ph2.12 chusei loyalty
ph2.13 eiei forever
ph2.14 enkatsu smoothness, harmony
ph2.15 gochoku integrity
ph2.16 gori rationality
ph2.17 haragei intuitive thought (belly art)
ph2.18 haragei composure in time of crisis
ph2.19 heiki calm, relaxed
ph2.20 heiko balance, equilibrium
ph2.21 hiezen composed, calm, unruffled
ph2.22 hengen transformation
ph2.23 hensoku non standard
ph2.24 hitsuryoku power of the pen
ph2.25 hiyo mystery, secret
ph2.26 honki serious (true spirit)
ph2.27 honmatsu beginning - end; cause - effect
ph2.28 honto truth, reality
ph2.29 heno adaptation to changes
ph2.30 hyoshi cadence, rythm, chance, the moment
ph2.31 ichidai once in a lifetime
ph2.32 ichie one meeting
ph2.33 ichigo one word
ph2.34 ichigo one time
ph2.35 ichimei one life
ph2.36 ichinyo oneness, like one
ph2.37 igen dignity
ph2.38 ikkoku a minute, an instant
ph2.39 ikkyo single action
ph2.40 ikkyo first principle
ph2.41 ingo secret password
ph2.42 in yo the everchanging dual forces of the universe; yin/yang, male-female; sun-moon; positive-negative
ph2.43 ishiki consciousness
ph2.44 isshin wholeheartedness (one mind)
ph2.45 isshei one's whole life
ph2.46 itcho one advantage
ph2.47 itoguchi thread end, beginning, clue
ph2.48 jasei right and wrong
ph2.49 jijaku calmness, composure
ph2.50 jiki magnetism
ph2.51 jikishin pure heart; straight mind
ph2.52 jingo forever
ph2.53 jinkaku character, personality
ph2.54 jissen solid line
ph2.55 jiyu freedom ( self dependence )
ph2.56 jumboku simplicity and honesty
ph2.57 junri pure reason
ph2.58 junryo simple goodness
ph2.59 juzen perfection
ph2.60 kakki vigor ( live spirit )
ph2.61 kanjaku tranquility, quiet
ph2.62 kankaku feelings, sensations; senses
ph2.63 kankei strength in spite of smallness
ph2.64 kansatsu observe ( see and understand )
ph2.65 kansei perfection ( become complete )
ph2.66 kantan innermost heart
ph2.67 katsuma karma
ph2.68 katagi spirit, character
ph2.69 keireki pilgrimage, personal history
ph2.70 kenjin wise person
ph2.71 kenko high spirits; climbing high
ph2.72 kenkyo modesty, humility
ph2.73 kenkyu research
ph2.75 kikai chance, opportunity
ph2.76 ki no umi ocean of the life force
ph2.77 kiryoku vitality
ph2.78 kishin returning to the spirit of the universe
ph2.79 kiu spirit of the universe
ph2.80 ko ashi small step
ph2.81 kochoku inflexible
ph2.81 kojin individual, private person
ph2.82 kokoroe deep understanding of values
ph2.83 kokoroyutakani without fear
ph2.84 kokuhaku right-wrong (black-white)
ph2.85 komu nothingness
ph2.86 konjaku past and present
ph2.87 konton chaos
ph2.88 korai time honored
ph2.89 kotan elegant simplicity
ph2.90 kyoo one's inmost heart
ph2.91 kyoshin unbiased
ph2.92 magokoro true heartedness
ph2.93 makeji damashii unyielding spirit
ph2.95 manzen perfection
ph2.96 masayume a dream that comes true
ph2.97 meiro labyrinth
ph2.98 mi no hodo one's place
ph2.99 mitsuji secret
ph2.100 mondo question and answers
ph2.101 monogatari story, legend
ph2.102 muga mental state of being selfless
ph2.103 muge free of obstacles
ph2.104 muryo free (without charge)
ph2.105 myou wondrous being
ph2.106 naibun secret
ph2.107 naigai inside and outside
ph2.108 naii intention
ph2.109 naike esoteric [inside the family]
ph2.110 naishin one's innermost heart
ph2.112 naiso internal strife
ph2.113 nakaima the eternal now [middle now]
ph2.114 namami flesh and blood [raw flesh]
ph2.115 nekketsu fiery spirit [hot blood]
ph2.116 nencho seniority
ph2.117 nengan one's heart's desire
ph2.118 nenriki will power
ph2.119 nento mind
ph2.120 nessei earnestness, warmth, sincerity
ph2.121 nesshin enthusiasm, zeal
ph2.122 ningen human being
ph2.123 ninin two people
ph2.124 ninjo humanity, sympathy, kindness
ph2.125 nonki easygoing, carefree
ph2.126 nyunan soft, pliable (gentle supple)
ph2.127 nyuwa gentle, mild mannered
ph2.128 ogi secrets, esoteric mysteries
ph2.129 okinaku without a place
ph2.130 oku no in inner sanctuary
ph2.131 ommitsu secrecy
ph2.132 omoiyari consideration for other people
ph2.133 omyo secret mystery
ph2.134 onikoroshi strong minded person
ph2.135 on yo the everchanging dual forces of the universe; male-female; sun-moon, positive-negative
ph2.136 osaki ni ahead of me
ph2.137 reiki feeling of mystery
ph2.138 reimyo mysterious; miraculous
ph2.139 rekishi history
ph2.140 renzoku continuous
ph2.141 riai unified principles
ph2.142 rinki impromptu
ph2.143 rita selflessness, altruism
ph2.144 ritsumei philosophical peace of mind
ph2.145 rosho old and young
ph2.146 ryomen both faces, both sides
ph2.147 ryoritsu coexist
ph2.148 ryosei both sexes
ph2.149 ryoshin conscience (the true heart)
ph2.150 sabigoe quiet and impressive voice
ph2.151 sakimawari forestall, anticipate
ph2.152 seicho quietly listening, attention
ph2.153 seihin honorable poverty
ph2.154 seihitsu peace, tranquility
ph2.155 seikan serene contemplation
ph2.156 seiki true heart
ph2.157 seiki vitality
ph2.158 seiko success (become successful
ph2.159 seimyo na subtle; exquisite, fine
ph2.160 seinen correct mindfulness
ph2.161 seisatsu life and death
ph2.162 seishin sincerity
ph2.163 seitai living body
ph2.164 seizon survive (a disaster)
ph2.165 senjin predecessor, ancestor
ph2.166 sennin hermit; wizard
ph2.167 shinen thought
ph2.168 shingan intuitive power of the mind
ph2.169 shingi truth (true meaning)
ph2.170 shini real intention
ph2.171 shinjin true man
ph2.172 shinjitsu truth, reality
ph2.173 shinki mind
ph2.174 shinku true emptiness

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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

ph3.1 chijinyu wisdom, benevolence, courage
ph3.2 chuseishin sincerity
ph3.3 fudochi immovable wisdom
ph3.4 handanryoku judgement
ph3.5 heijoshin always maintaining a calm spirit
ph3.6 hiniku no tan resolve to act in frustrating times
ph3.7 ipponmichi a straight path with no turnoffs
ph3.8 itchokusen one straight line
ph3.9 jinseikan philosophy
ph3.10 kami hitoe closeness of opposites (thinness of one sheet of paper )
ph3.11 kansatsuryoku power of observation
ph3.12 kanshikigan discerning eye
ph3.13 kanzensei completeness, perfection
ph3.14 kijomono stout-hearted person
ph3.15 kokorojitaku mental readiness
ph3.16 konponho fundamental law
ph3.17 kugyosha ascetic
ph3.18 kumode confusion (spider hand)
ph3.19 masutemi true self abandonment
ph3.20 mugon no gyo ascetic silence
ph3.21 muhensai infinite
ph3.22 muzosa simple, with ease
ph3.23 naishobanashi whispering a secret
ph3.24 naishogoto secret
ph3.25 niningumi duo, twosome
ph3.26 nonkimono carefree person
ph3.27 nyushunan difficult to obtain
ph3.28 ogonritsu golden mean, moderation
ph3.29 sabi shiori solitariness
ph3.30 sankakukei triangle
ph3.31 seishinryoku mental power
ph3.32 setogiwa crucial moment, crisis

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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

ph4.1 hengen jizai ever changing
ph4.2 ichigo ichie living in the moment (one time - one meeting)
ph4.3 ichigo ichigo word for word
ph4.4 ikkoku senkin a very important time
ph4.5 ikkyo ichido one's every action
ph4.6 ishin denshin telepathy; direct, non verbal
ph4.7 issei ichidai once in a lifetime
ph4.8 isseki nicho killing two birds with one stone
ph4.9 itai doshin perfect accord
ph4.10 itcho ittan advantages and disadvantages
ph4.12 jiga jitsugen self realization
ph4.13 jijo sayo self purification
ph4.14 jin gi rei chi shin five virtues of Confucius: virtue, justice, courtesy, wisdom, sincerity
ph4.15 jiyu jizai unrestricted
ph4.16 kanzen muketsu flawlessly perfect
ph4.17 kassatsu jizai power of life and death
ph4.18 kofu seigetsu mental serenity (bright moon after a storm)
ph4.19 koun ryusui taking life easy and going with the flow (floating clouds and flowing water)
ph4.20 meikyo shisui mental serenity (the surface of calm water is like a mirror)
ph4.21 menko fuhai flawless
ph4.22 munen muso impassive state of mind
ph4.23 rita shugi selflessness, altruism
ph4.24 rosho fujo uncertainty of life
ph4.25 sakuhi konze changing one's mind
ph4.26 seishi ichijo life and death become one
ph4.27 seshinseii whole-hearted devotion
ph4.28 shinku myou true emptiness wondrous being

Martial Concepts

Inscription number
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Character

Pronunciation

Meaning

ma1.1 bu martial; conflict resolution
ma1.2 de advance, forward
ma1.3 ei defense, protection
ma1.4 geki attack
ma1.5 go protect, defense
ma1.6 ha blade, edge
ma1.7 haku sweep
ma1.8 haya quick, early
ma1.9 ho protect
ma1.10 jo stick, staff, cane
ma1.11 jutsu art, technique; trick; magic
ma1.12 ka influence, change
ma1.14 kage hide, conceal, obscure
ma1.15 karame arrest, bind
ma1.16 katana sword, blade
ma1.17 katsu win, victory
ma1.18 ken sword
ma1.19 ko drum
ma1.20 megumi show mercy to, bless
ma1.21 mei oath; alliance
ma1.22 mo fierceness; strength
ma1.23 mu martial
ma1.24 narashi tamed
ma1.25 nasake compassion, sympathy
ma1.26 nebari stickiness; perserverance
ma1.27 nige escape
ma1.28 nijiri trample down
ma1.29 nikui difficult
ma1.30 no obtain; sheath (the sword)
ma1.31 odoshi intimidate, scarecrow
ma1.32 omote face; honor, reputation
ma1.33 on grace, kindness, mercy
ma1.34 ri advantage; victory
ma1.35 rin trample down
ma1.36 ryoku strength, power
ma1.37 sai cut, chop
ma1.38 sakebi shout, cry, roar, howl
ma1.39 samurai samurai warrior (servant)
ma1.40 samurai samurai warrior (knight)

Inscription number
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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

ma2.1 aiki harmony of spirit
ma2.2 bubaru to be warrior like
ma2.3 budo martial ways; resolve conflict
ma2.4 bugei martial arts
ma2.5 bugi martial arts
ma2.7 bujutsu martial techniques
ma2.8 buke samurai, martial family
ma2.9 bukyo warrior creed
ma2.10 bumbu sword and pen
ma2.11 bushi samurai warrior
ma2.12 bushin martial spirit
ma2.13 busshin matter and mind
ma2.14 butoku chivalry
ma2.15 chikama close (fighting) distance
ma2.16 datto drawing a sword
ma2.17 engetsu large circular motion (full moon)
ma2.18 funto fighting spirit
ma2.19 furikaburi upraised sword
ma2.20 gekken fencing (strike with a sword)
ma2.21 genjutsu magic, sorcery
ma2.22 gijutsu technique,art, skill
ma2.23 goryoku resultant of unifying forces
ma2.24 goshin self defense
ma2.25 hamon blade temper pattern
ma2.26 hamono edge of blade
ma2.27 hanko counterattack
ma2.28 hanshi master teacher, model scholar
ma2.29 happo all eight directions
ma2.30 hawatari length of blade; sword walking
ma2.31 hiya fire arrow
ma2.32 hosomi slender blade
ma2.33 hoto treasured sword
ma2.34 iai face to face combat with a sword (mutually present)
ma2.35 hyojin sharp, glistening sword
ma2.36 jigo self defense
ma2.37 jissen actual combat, real fighting
ma2.38 jodo the martial way of the staff
ma2.39 jojutsu staff techniques
ma2.42 jutsusha magician, witch
ma2.43 kaburaya buzzing arrow
ma2.44 kage ryu kage school of sword
ma2.45 kankei strength in spite of smallness
ma2.46 kasen flaming arrow
ma2.47 katanamochi sword bearer
ma2.49 kembu sword dance
ma2.50 kendo modern martial way derived from kenjutsu
ma2.51 kengeki sword play
ma2.52 kenjutsu sword fencing techniques
ma2.53 kenkaku swordsman
ma2.54 kenmei going all out, risking one's life
ma2.55 ken no michi way of the sword
ma2.56 kenpo fighting system origination in China (fist law)
ma2.57 kenshi sword master
ma2.58 kenshin sword and mind
ma2.59 kensho sword and brush
ma2.60 kesshi do or die spirit
ma2.61 kiai unification of mind and body manifested in a focused shout
ma2.62 kiken danger, risk
ma2.63 kimete winning move
ma2.64 kinso sword cut
ma2.65 kireaji sharpness (of a sword)
ma2.66 kiriai fighting with real swords
ma2.67 komyo skilled, cleverness
ma2.68 ku no kokoro spaciousness of mind
ma2.69 kurai mental freedom from pressure (become emptyness)
ma2.70 kyogan penetrating eye
ma2.71 kyokai calm and carefree heart
ma2.72 kyoshin unison, accord
ma2.73 mamorigatana self defense sword
ma2.74 masagatsu true victory
ma2.75 meijin expert , master
ma2.76 mikomi penetrating gaze
ma2.77 mizu no kokoro a spirit like calm water
ma2.78 muni without equal
ma2.79 myogi splendid feat
ma2.80 myoken mysterious sword
ma2.81 nadegiri killing several opponents with one sweep of the sword
ma2.82 nagareya stray arrow
ma2.83 naimaku hidden circumstances
ma2.84 nakazora mid-air
ma2.85 naname mae advancing diagonally
ma2.86 nikudan human bullet
ma2.87 nidugan naked eye
ma2.88 ninja spy
ma2.89 ninjo bloodshed (blade wound)
ma2.90 ninkyo chivalry
ma2.91 ninmu sense of duty to one's work
ma2.92 niramikaesu glare back
ma2.93 nuki ashi stealthy footsteps
ma2.94 nukiuchi sudden sword attack
ma2.95 ojite responding to (an attack)
ma2.96 omoto foundation (great source)
ma2.97 onagi dead calm
ma2.98 onimusha intrepid warrior, daredevil
ma2.99 onken hidden sword
ma2.100 osakebi war cry
ma2.101 ransen free-for-all fight
ma2.102 reisei calmness (cool stillness)
ma2.103 rentatsu an expert
ma2.104 renzuki continuous attack
ma2.105 reppai defeat of the weaker
ma2.106 rijin sharp sword (victory sword)
ma2.107 rikisen hard fighting
ma2.108 ronin lordless samurai (wave man)
ma2.109 ryozen win-win situation
ma2.110 sakki bloodthirstiness (killing spirit)
ma2.111 seki no yama to arrive at one's peak
ma2.112 seni fighting spirit
ma2.113 senken forsight
ma2.114 senshi warrior
ma2.115 shido samurai code, chivalry (way of the samurai)
ma2.116 shimmei risk one's life

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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

ma3.1 aikido the way of harmony
ma3.2 aikijo jo staff of aiki practice
ma3.3 aikijutsu art of accord
ma3.4 budoka one who resolves conflict
ma3.5 buki ho the way of weapons
ma3.6 bushi damashii samurai spirit
ma3.7 bushido way of the warrior
ma3.8 bushi no me eyes of the samurai (sight and insight)
ma3.9 chushin dori taking the center
ma3.10 daishori decisive victory
ma3.11 debana waza intiating an attack before the enemy can attack
ma3.12 en no irimi circular entry (into an attack)
ma3.13 fureaiki aiki touch techniques
ma3.14 gijutsuka technician, expert
ma3.15 hanashi no heiho combat strategy of detachment
ma3.16 happo biraki total awareness (open on all eight sides)
ma3.17 heiho no michi way of strategy
ma3.18 heihoka strategist
ma3.19 hitotsu no tachi sword of one
ma3.20 iaido sword drawing
ma3.21 jindaiko war drum
ma3.23 katana no temae face of a samurai
ma3.24 katsuhayabi victory here and now
ma3.25 katsujin ken sword that spares the enemy
ma3.26 kensho ichi sword and brush are one
ma3.27 kiai jutsu kiai tecnniques; hypnotism
ma3.29 kobudo ancient martial ways
ma3.30 kobujutsu ancient matial arts
ma3.31 kobushi old samurai (feudal warrior)
ma3.32 kongoriki incredible strength
ma3.33 meijingei expert skill
ma3.34 membokudama face, honor, dignity
ma3.35 musa no sa action of non-action
ma3.36 muso ken sword without equal
ma3.37 mutekatsu winning without fighting
ma3.38 naihansen fighting on a levee (called "naihanchin" in Okinawa)
ma3.39 namabyoho unproven tactics
ma3.40 nihonto Japanese sword
ma3.41 nobushi wandering samurai
ma3.42 ochimusha figitive warrior
ma3.43 odeki well done (great success)
ma3.44 ojigi bow, greeting
ma3.45 onna musha woman warrior
ma3.46 osensei great teacher
ma3.47 rentatsu no shi an expert; a seasoned man
ma3.48 ryototsukai weilding two swords
ma3.49 samurai katagi samurai spirit
ma3.50 satsujinken sword that kills the enemy
ma3.51 senjojutsu arts of the battlefield
ma3.52 senninriki strength of a thousand
ma3.53 shidachi defender in sword work

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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

ma4.1 aikibudo martial art of aiki
ma4.2 aikibujutsu martial techniques of aiki
ma4.3 aikijujutsu art of gentle accord
ma4.4 banyuaigo to love and protect all things
ma4.5 budo no arikata ideal purpose of budo
ma4.6 budo shingi true meaning of budo
ma4.7 bunbu ryodo sword and pen are both ways to enlightenment
ma4.8 bushi no ichigon the single word of the warrior
ma4.9 chokusen no irimi directly entering (into an attack)
ma4.10 chushin dori no heiho combat strategy of taking the center
ma4.11 fukanyusei impenetrability
ma4.12 happo zanshin dominating spirit in all eight directions
ma4.13 henka no heiho combat strategy of changing
ma4.15 ichi no hyoshi no heiho rythm of one combat strategy
ma4.16 isshin itto one mind - one strike (sword)
ma4.17 issoku itto no maai interval of one step - one sword
ma4.18 kage ugokashi no heiho strategy of removing the shadow that hides the intention of the enemy
ma4.19 katchu bujutsu techniques of martial arts performed in honor
ma4.20 kendo jurai bounce back from defeat wth renewed spirit
ma4.21 kenshin ichinyo sword and mind like one
ma4.23 kikai tanden physical / spiritual center (spirit sea - red field)
ma4.24 kikyu sombo matter of life and death
ma4.25 koryu bujutsu classical martial arts
ma4.26 kureba mukae sareba okuru when the opponent arrives, welcome them in; when they depart, send them away
ma4.27 masagatsu agatsu true victory is self victory
ma4.28 nanakorobi yaoki fall seven times-rise eight
ma4.29 rinkiohen adaptation to circumstances
ma4.30 ryoto dabi fast start-slow finish (dragon's head-snake's tale)
ma4.31 ryujo kohaku fierce fighting (chase dragons and strike tigers)
ma4.32 seishi choetsu state of mind beyond life and death
ma4.33 seishi chozetsu transcending thoughts about life and death
ma4.34 shinken shobu fighting to win at all costs

Natural Imagery

Inscription number
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Character

Pronunciation

Meaning

na1.1 akebono dawn
na1.2 aki autumn
na1.3 ara, arahsi rough, wild, stormy
na1.4 bi beauty, pure
na1.5 chi earth
na1.6 cho butterfly
na1.7 chu spider
na1.8 da snake
na1.9 do earth
na1.10 ei long length, permanent
na1.11 ei shadow, light
na1.12 en swallow (bird)
na1.13 fu wind
na1.14 fuji wisteria
na1.15 gan rock, crag
na1.16 getsu moon
na1.18 gu storm
na1.19 ha wave
na1.20 ha leaf
na1.21 ha wing
na1.22 haku white
na1.23 han luxuriant, overgrown, thick
na1.24 hana flower
na1.25 hana flower
na1.26 haru springtime
na1.27 hayashi forest
na1.28 heki thunder
na1.29 hen change
na1.30 hi sun; day
na1.31 hi fire
na1.32 hibiku echo
na1.33 hikari light
na1.34 hishi water chestnut; diamond (shaped)
na1.35 ho peak
na1.36 hoshi star
na1.37 hyo expression, surface
na1.38 i wild boar
na1.39 i wonderful, unusual
na1.40 iki living
na1.41 in beautiful
na1.42 ina rice plant
na1.43 inochi life
na1.44 inu dog
na1.45 ishi stone, rock
na1.46 iso seashore, beach
na1.47 iwa rock, crag
na1.48 ja snake
na1.49 jiku bamboo
na1.50 jo mushroom
na1.51 ju animal, beast
na1.52 ka fire
na1.53 ka flower
na1.54 kaeru frog
na1.55 kage shadow
na1.56 kai ocean, sea
na1.57 kai crab
na1.58 kaku crane
na1.59 kame turtle, tortoise
na1.60 kaminari thunder; thunderbolt
na1.61 kan olive
na1.62 karasu crow, raven
na1.63 kawa river
na1.64 kawa yanagi willow
na1.65 kawazu frog
na1.66 kaze wind; storm
na1.67 ke flower
na1.68 ken sphere, circle
na1.69 ken dog
na1.70 ki tree
na1.71 ki burn, faint light
na1.72 ki season
na1.73 ki beautiful
na1.74 kita north
na1.75 kitsune fox
na1.76 ko child; the young of animals
na1.77 ko ancient, antique, old
na1.79 ko light
na1.80 ko red, crimson
na1.81 koe voice
na1.82 koku black
na1.83 ku dog
na1.84 kuma bear (animal)
na1.85 kumo cloud
na1.86 kyo mirror
na1.87 kyo sound, echo
na1.88 kyu pigeon
na1.89 ma eye
na1.90 matsu pine
na1.91 me female
na1.92 mei sound, ring
na1.93 mei clear, shining, bright
na1.94 mei sleep, close one's eyes
na1.95 midori green
na1.96 minami south
na1.97 mizu water
na1.98 momo peach
na1.99 murasaki purple
na1.100 nami waves, billows
na1.101 nami waves, billows
na1.102 nari sound, ringing
na1.103 natsu summertime
na1.104 neko cat
na1.105 nen year
na1.106 nezumi rat
na1.107 ni red
na1.108 nichi day
na1.109 nishi west
na1.110 no wild
na1.111 nyo woman
na1.112 o flowering cherry blossoms
na1.113 o male
na1.114 o yellow
na1.115 on sound
na1.116 rai thunder
na1.117 ran Chinese olive
na1.118 ran indigo (blue)
na1.119 rei dragonfly
na1.120 reki violent thunder, lightning
na1.121 ren lotus
na1.122 ri pear, pear tree
na1.123 rin (fish) scales
na1.124 rin forest
na1.125 ro clear, bright
na1.126 ro dew
na1.127 ro old age
na1.128 ro waves
na1.129 ryo dragon
na1.130 ryo rhombus, diamond shape (water chestnut)
na1.131 ryoku green
na1.132 ryu willow
na1.133 sa sand
na1.134 sa tea
na1.135 san hail, hailstones
na1.136 san mountain
na1.137 saru monkey
na1.138 sawa swamp, valley
na1.139 se rapids
na1.140 sei sex, gender; nature
na1.141 sei star
na1.142 seki stone, rock
na1.143 sen fountain
na1.144 setsu snow
na1.145 shi lion
na1.146 shika deer

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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

na2.1 asahi rising sun
na2.2 bimyo elegant, exquisite
na2.3 choju long life
na2.4 eigestsu long moon
na2.5 enpi flying swallow
na2.6 fubuki snowstorm
na2.7 gangi zigzag
na2.8 gekko moonlight
na2.9 gengetsu crescent moon
na2.10 gotai whole body
na2.11 gufu tornado, hurricane
na2.12 hakucho swan, white bird
na2.13 hibiku wataru reverberate
na2.14 hi no moto japan (rising sun)
na2.15 hiryu flying dragon
na2.16 hissei lifelong
na2.17 honnen natural
na2.18 inabikari lightning
na2.19 jigen dimension, dimensional
na2.20 jinji earthly things
na2.21 jinmei life
na2.22 jinsei this world
na2.23 juryoku gravity
na2.24 kamakiri praying mantis
na2.25 hangetsu half moon
na2.26 honzen natural
na2.27 kame no ko tortoise shell
na2.28 kenko health
na2.29 kigetsu waning moon
na2.30 kodama echo (spirit of a tree)
na2.31 komatsu small pine
na2.32 koshi ball of foot (tiger's paw)
na2.33 koyo red (autumn) leaf
na2.34 kugatsu September
na2.35 kuki air
na2.36 kukyo sky of emptyness
na2.37 kumo spider
na2.38 kyogan huge rock
na2.39 mangetsu full moon
na2.40 menami receding wave
na2.41 mizunagar water flowing (throw)
na2.42 nakahiku hollow, concave
na2.43 nakanichi middle of the day
na2.44 namigaeshi returning wave
na2.45 nichiyo Sunday
na2.46 nicho two birds
na2.47 nigatsu February
na2.48 ninjin ginseng
na2.49 oarashi major storm
na2.50 ogon gold (yellow metal)
na2.51 renge lotus flower
na2.52 rikugo universe
na2.53 rokkan the six senses
na2.54 Rokugatsu June
na2.55 ryoko dragon and tiger
na2.56 ryoko two rivaling tigers
na2.57 ryusetsu willow snow
na2.58 ryuto dragon's head
na2.59 sakurabana cherry blossom season
na2.60 sancho summit
na2.61 Sangatsu March
na2.62 sankai mountain-sea (opposite ideas)
na2.63 seikatsu life
na2.64 sekichiku pink
na2.65 shibukawa quiet river
na2.66 Shichigatsu July
na2.67 shidare hanging branch
na2.68 Shigatsu April

Inscription number
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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

na3.1 hanafubuki falling cherry blossoms
na3.3 kodomogokoro child's mind
na3.4 mikazuki crescent moon; angle of lower jawbone (three day moon)
na3.5 mizu gumo a device for walking on water (water spider)
na3.6 shidare fuji hanging wisteria branch
na3.7 shidare yanagi weeping willow

Spiritual Concepts

Inscription number
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Character

Pronunciation

Meaning

sp1.1 ai love, affection
sp1.2 ame heaven
sp1.3 do the way to enlightenment
sp1.4 gan perfection; spherical
sp1.5 gan prayer, desire
sp1.6 gen mystery, occult
sp1.7 gi riteousness, justice, honor
sp1.8 gin sing, recite, chant
sp1.9 go karma
sp1.10 haku soul, spirit
sp1.11 harai purify, cleanse, exorcise
sp1.12 hei peace
sp1.13 ho set free
sp1.14 i mind, heart
sp1.15 in yin principle
sp1.16 ji Buddhist temple
sp1.17 jin mind, god
sp1.18 ju Confucianism
sp1.19 kami shinto gods; ancestral spirits
sp1.20 ki spirit, heart; attention; air; life force; feeling
sp1.21 kokoro heart, mind, spirit; sincerity
sp1.22 kon soul; spirit
sp1.23 matsuri ceremony; offer prayers
sp1.24 mi Shinto god
sp1.25 michi way of enlightenment
sp1.26 miya Imperial Palace; Shinto shrine; prince, princess
sp1.27 on yin principle; negative; moon; inactivity; secret; earth; female
sp1.28 rei soul, spirit
sp1.29 sai ceremony; offer prayers
sp1.30 san go; come; visit a temple
sp1.31 satori Buddhist enlightenment
sp1.32 satsu Buddha; salvation
sp1.33 sei sacrifice, offering, gift
sp1.34 sei saint, sage
sp1.35 shin mind, soul; God, god

Inscription number
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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

sp2.1 aita altruism
sp2.2 ametsuchi heaven - earth
sp2.3 anshin spiritual peace
sp2.4 chuyo moderation, golden mean
sp2.5 daido great moral priciple
sp2.6 dogaku moral philosophy
sp2.7 dogi moral teachings
sp2.8 dojin impartial benevolence
sp2.9 dori reason, truth, natural way
sp2.10 doshin accord, same mind
sp2.11 doshin moral sense
sp2.12 dotai together, as one
sp2.13 dotoku morality (way of virtue)
sp2.14 emman perfection, harmony
sp2.15 enjuku perfection
sp2.16 gensei fleeting world (Buddhist concept)
sp2.17 gijin noble hearted person
sp2.18 hakuai benevolence
sp2.19 hi no ki spirit essence of fire
sp2.20 hitofude one stroke of the brush
sp2.21 honki serious (true spirit)
sp2.22 hosshin buddhist religious awakening
sp2.23 jiin temple
sp2.24 jinja shinto shrine
sp2.25 jodo Buddhist paradise (pure land)
sp2.26 junten following the way of heaven
sp2.27 kaigan enlightenment, (opening eyes)
sp2.28 kami hotoke gods and Buddhas
sp2.29 kamikaze divine wind
sp2.30 kamisama God; god
sp2.31 kami no michi shinto (way of the gods)
sp2.32 katsuma karma
sp2.34 kensho enlightenment
sp2.35 kenzen zen and swordsmanship
sp2.36 kiin spiritual rhythm
sp2.37 kikai sea of spirit
sp2.38 ki no nagare stream of spirit
sp2.39 koan Buddhist meditation question
sp2.40 konjo this life
sp2.41 konnichi this day
sp2.42 koshi Confucius
sp2.43 kotodama spiritual power of words
sp2.44 kuji nine finger signs of esoteric Buddhism (nine signs)
sp2.45 mippo Buddhist mysteries
sp2.46 misogi shuho Shinto water purification rite
sp2.47 mizu no ki spirit essence of water
sp2.48 naiki inner energy
sp2.49 naiten Buddhist literature, sutras
sp2.50 namu hail (in Buddhist prayers)
sp2.51 nangyo self mortification, penance
sp2.52 Nichiren Nichiren (founded sect of Buddhism 1222-1282)
sp2.53 nyujo Zen contemplation (enter in and quiet down)
sp2.54 nyumon to enter the gate of a Buddhist monastery as a beginning disciple (entering the gate)
sp2.55 oharai Shinto purifications
sp2.56 reigi spiritual ceremony
sp2.57 reikai spirit world
sp2.58 reiniku soul and body
sp2.59 seido righteousness (right path)
sp2.60 seijin sage
sp2.61 seishin spirit, heart; intention
sp2.62 senshin meditation
sp2.63 sesshin Zen retreat
sp2.64 shimmei divine light
sp2.65 shimpu divine wind
sp2.66 shinbutsu gods and Buddha
sp2.67 Shindo way of the gods
sp2.68 Shingon Buddhist sect (true word)
sp2.69 shinji Shinto ceremonies
sp2.70 shinjin faith, belief, piety
sp2.71 shinjin Shinto priest; man of god
sp2.72 shinkage spirit shadow
sp2.73 shinken divine sacred sword

Inscription number
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Characters

Pronunciation

Meaning

sp3.1 aramitama spirit of strength and firmness
sp3.2 datsuzokuteki unworldly, saintly
sp3.3 dotokuka person of virtue
sp3.4 heijoshin maintaining calm spirit
sp3.5 kagura mai music and dancing of the shinto gods
sp3.6 kannagara no michi Shintoism (following the way of the Shinto gods)
sp3.8 kenzen ichi zen and swordsmanship are one
sp3.9 ki no dashikata projection of one's spirit
sp3.10 komuso flute-playing Zen priest
sp3.11 kuji kiri energy channeling, mudras
sp3.12 nangyodo salvation through difficult austerities (Buddhist)
sp3.13 reinikuichi oneness of soul and body
sp3.14 sei ippai with all one's spirit